In this work, as a start, a review of the definitions of genomics, transgenics, and public policies is presented; the difference of each one is presented, an analysis is created in public policies on genomics and transgenics; The problem of its regulation in Mexico is described, and some ethical controversies that arise from the possible applications in Mexico and that come out of the legal regulatory norms in Mexico are discussed. It talks about the general problems in creating laws with respect to genomics and transgenic issues, to later explain why society it is difficult to identify and understand these terms; The lag in this type of technology in Mexico is described, indicating the possible changes necessary in the regulations and some essential points that are mentioned in the norms that allow its regulation and sanction the possible damage due to the use of transgenic and genomic products.
Given the abundance of food products high in critical nutrients, front-of-pack warning signs were implemented in them with the objective of providing information to the consumer that helps them choose healthy foods. Objective:To describe the published findings on the results of front-of-pack warning signs of prepackaged foods in the purchasing behavior of the Latin American population from a systematic review of scientific production. Material and method:Systematic review according to PRISMA recommendations, search carried out in EBSCO, REDALYC, Scielo and Siicyt databases. Results:We identified and consulted 32 studies, 9 of which were included for providing results on the impact of front-of-pack warning signs. Conclusions:The warning signs in frontal labeling had a positive effect on the choice of healthy foods, with variable results in the dimensions of purchase and consumption. Locally representative studies are needed to identify the most effective labeling format for each population. The implementation of warning signs as public health policy should be accompanied by a framework of strategies that improve access to healthy food and education for the general population.
The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA in Portuguese) published Resolution – RDC N° 714/ 2022 sanitary requirements for food fortification and restoration. This Resolution does not apply to foods that have specific rules prohibiting or regulating fortification or restoration. Any food that has undergone fortification or restoration shall comply with the labeling requirements set forth in Collegiate Council Resolution – DRC No. 727, dated July 1, 2022, and Collegiate Council Resolution – DRC No. 429, dated October 8, 2022. 2020, and in Regulatory Instruction – IN No. 75, of October 8, 2020, or others that replace them. This Resolution enters into force on October 9, 2022.
The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA in Portuguese) published Resolution – RDC N° 727/ 2022 on the labeling of packaged foods. This Resolution applies to packaged foods in the absence of consumers, including beverages, ingredients, food additives and technological aids, including those intended exclusively for industrial processing or food services.
This Resolution enters into force on September 1, 2022.
Continuing with the process of reviewing and consolidating regulatory acts, 18 Resolutions of the Collegiate Board of Directors (RDC) and four Normative Instructions (IN) related to food regulation. These 22 regulations replace 51 regulations that were repealed. The new laws will come into force on September 1, except for DRC 729/2022, which will begin on October 9.
RDC 711/2022: Sanitary requirements for starches, cookies, wholemeal cereals, processed cereals, bran, flours, wholemeal flours, pasta and bread. Result of the revision of the RDC 236/2005.
DRC 712/2022: Compositional and labeling requirements for foods containing cereals and pseudocereals for classification and identification as wholegrain and to highlight the presence of wholegrain ingredients. Result of the revision of DRC 493/2021.
DRC 713/2022: Health requirements for edible ice cream and edible icy preparations. Result of the revision of DRC 266/2005.
RDC 714/2022: Sanitary requirements for food fortification and restoration. Result of the revision of Ordinance SVS/MS 31/1998.
RDC 715/2022: Sanitary requirements for low sodium salt, foods for weight control, foods for nutrient-restricted diets and foods for sugar-controlled diets. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of Ordinances SVS/MS54/1995; SVS/MS 29/1998; SVS/MS 30/1998 and RCD 135/2017 and 155/2017.
RDC 716/2022: Sanitary requirements for coffee, barley, teas, yerba mate, spices, condiments and sauces and EN 159/2022, establishing the lists of parts of plant species authorized for the preparation of teas and for use as spices, resulting from the revision and consolidation of RDC 267/2005; 276/2005; 277/2005, 219/2006 and arts. 2 and 3 and Annexes I and II of RDC 450/2020.
RDC 717/2022: Sanitary requirements for bottled water and ice for human consumption. Result of the revision and consolidation of DRC 274/2005 and 316/2019.
CDR 719/2022: Sanitary requirements for mixtures for food processing and ready-to-eat foods. Result of the revision of RDC 273/2005.
RDC 720/2022: Sanitary requirements for nutritionally modified foods. Result of the revision of RDC 3/2013.
RDC 722/2022: Maximum tolerated limits (MRLs) of contaminants in food, general principles for their establishment and methods of analysis for conformity assessment purposes, as a result of the revision of RDC 487/2021 and IN 160/ 2022, which establishes the maximum tolerated limits (MRLs) of contaminants in food, as a result of the revision and consolidation of IN 88/2021, 115/2021 and 152/2022.
RDC 723/2022: Sanitary requirements for sugar, liquid invert sugar, powdered sugar, table sweetener, caramel, bonbon, cocoa powder, soluble cocoa, chocolate, white chocolate, chewing gum, cocoa butter, cocoa mass, molasses, treacle and rapadura. Result of the revision and consolidation of CNNPA Resolution 3/1976 and RDC 264/2005; 265/2005; 271/2005 and 450/2020.
RDC 724/2022: Food microbiological standards and their application, as a consequence of the revision of RDC 331/2019 and IN 161/2022, establishing food microbiological standards, resulting from the revision and consolidation of INs 60 /2019; 79/2020 and 110/2021.
RDC 725/2022: Flavoring food additives. Result of the revision and consolidation of DRC 2/2007 and IN 15/2017.
CDR 726/2022: Health requirements for edible mushrooms, fruit and vegetable products. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of DRC 17/1999; 91/2000; 268/2005; 272/2005 and 85/2016.
CDR 727/2022: Labeling of packaged foods. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of DRC 259/2002; 123/2004; 340/2002; 35/2009; 26/2015; 136/2017; 459/2020 and EN 67/2020.
CRR 728/2022: Enzymes and enzyme preparations for use as processing aids in the production of food for human consumption. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of RDC 53/2014 and 54/2014.