The EU strictly regulates communication of nutrition and health claims (NHCs). Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006(1) provides the legal framework on NHCs. However, which NHCs can be used by manufacturers and what they mean to consumers can be a source of confusion. This study focuses on meal replacement for weight control bars (MRBs), ultimately a type of weight management product, sold as general food with on-package information such as NHCs. This study aims to investigate whether NHCs used by companies that sell meal replacements for weight control in the form of bars, e.g. cereal or paste bars (MRBs) sold to consumers in the UK comply with EU law. A further aim is to explore consumer understanding of the meaning of NHCs.