The objective of the essay is to analyze the transition of nutritional labeling in Mexico and the factors that hinder its effectiveness in the university population. In recent years, there has been a need to have a labeling system that is easy to understand and that promotes the choice of healthy food products. Previously, GDA labels are implemented between the Mexican government and the processed food industry; however, it lacked scientific support and required mathematical calculations or advanced knowledge about nutrition in order to be interpreted. With the pressure of civil groups and in the context of obesity in Mexico, there was a transition from labeling in 2020 to Warning Seals, successfully implemented in South American and European countries, with the purpose of easily communicating excessive content of critical nutrients, however, controversies have arisen in this regard. On the other hand, there are limitations in the effectiveness of labeling, such as attitudes towards a healthy diet, knowledge about nutrition and lack of understanding.
Article/Paraguay – Knowledge of the adult population about food nutritional labeling
Consumers often report difficulties in interpreting the quantitative information contained in the nutritional labels of foods. The objective was to study the main knowledge about food labeling that the adult population of Paraguay has incorporated in the period of August 2021. This is a cross-sectional descriptive observational study in which male and female adults between 18 and 60 years old consumers of foods with nutrition labelling were evaluated. Sociodemographic data and knowledge about nutritional labeling of food was collected through an online survey with the Google forms tool. Seventy three percent was female, the average age was 36.9 years, 57.1% lived in Greater Asunción, 49.1% had a university education level, and 37.5% were health professionals. The general aspects about nutritional labeling revealed that 88.3% knew the concept, 55.3% said that they read it almost always, 84% knew that it was mandatory and 44% paid more attention to calories. When evaluating general knowledge, 91% knew the difference between expiration and preferential consumption, 71.4% knew the concept of indicative quantities, 62.5% knew which are the less healthy fats, and 71.4% correctly answered the concept of light food. The survey respondents had an adequate general knowledge about nutrition labeling, however, there was a considerable percentage of individuals who did not know the basic concepts, for which consumer-focused nutrition education interventions should be carried out.
Dominican Republic – new NORDOM for Nutritional Labeling
The Dominican Institute for Quality (INDOCAL) made available to the public and the national productive sectors a Dominican standard (NORDOM 675) for nutritional labeling, which will help facilitate access to relevant information on products for local consumption, in order to encourage the application of quality nutritional principles in the preparation of food, for the benefit of public health.
NORDOM 675 ensures that nutrition labeling does not present false, misleading, deceptive, or meaningless information about a given product in order to provide an effective means for consumers to make informed purchasing decisions.
Final paper – Brazil: Nutritional labeling in Brazil: history and perspective
The adoption of alternative labeling models to improve the effectiveness of information presented to food consumers has been occurring in Brazil and worldwide due to the increased prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases, in addition to the existence of scientific evidence that the nutritional table is difficult to see, understand and use for most consumers. In this context, the objective of this narrative review is to present the history, motivations, objectives, and perspectives related to changes in nutrition labeling legislation planned for 2022 in Brazil. The sample consisted of 98 references searched in the Scielo, Capes and Google Academic databases, using the descriptors “labelling”, “nutrition labeling”, “front nutrition labeling” and “front labeling”, “Impacts of nutrition labeling”, ” new nutritional table”. The first regulation on the labelling of packaged foods emerged in 1969, but it was only in 1998 that nutritional labeling was regulated in Brazil. Since then, new legislations have been published and improved over the years, culminating in the publication in 2020 of Collegiate Resolution number 429 and Normative Instruction number 75, which bring greater rigor to the standard of the nutritional table and implement the nutritional frontal labeling in loupe format. After the implementation of these legislations, positive impacts are expected in the reformulation of products, in the understanding of the labeling and composition of foods by the population, consequent healthier food choices and improvement in the population’s epidemiological profile in the long term.
Spain: New nutritional labeling: an opportunity for olive oil
The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food points out that harmonization in a single EU front nutritional labeling will help to ensure consumer safety and to highlight the health properties of olive oil.
The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas, has expressed the need to recognize the health properties of olive oils in the future front nutritional labeling of the European Union (EU), which will be mandatory and equal for all Member States in the near future, to convey to the consumer all the information with the greatest possible clarity and solvency.