Brazil – ANVISA identifies noncompliance with flour fortification standards

More than 30% of the flours analyzed in 2019, 2020 and 2021 had iron outside the limits established by legislation.

The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA in Portuguese) regulated the mandatory fortification of wheat and corn flours with iron and folic acid, by means of a resolution published in 2002, and updated by Resolution (RDC) 604/2022.

Fortified wheat and corn flours must contain, until the expiration date, 4 mg to 9 mg of iron per 100 g of product and 140 µg to 220 µg of folic acid per 100 g of product. The report presents the results of monitoring the fortification of wheat and corn flours with iron and folic acid from samples of these flours collected in the Brazilian market in 2020 and 2021.

The results for iron content in wheat and corn flours show that about 25% of the analyses performed in 2020 and 2021 showed amounts of this nutrient outside the established limits. For folic acid, in 2021, more than half (51%) of the flours analyzed had a content outside the defined limits. The percentage of unsatisfactory results for flour labeling requirements was also high.

Brazil – Artificial sweeteners: regulation in Brazil, technological implications in food production and health

Sweeteners provide a sweet taste to foods and are used to replace sucrose and reduce caloric value. Acesulfame potassium, aspartame, sodium cyclamate, saccharin, sucralose and neotame are the artificial sweeteners regulated in Brazil by the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA). The consumption of these additives has become controversial due to recent scientific evidence questioning their safety and outcomes regarding weight loss, dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota, insulin resistance, diabetes and cancer. Even today, little is known about the long-term consequences of their consumption. Therefore, this study aimed to carry out a review of artificial sweeteners regulated in Brazil, contextualizing their regulatory framework, the technological implications regarding their use and the effects on health. Considering the now controversial outcomes regarding the consumption of many artificial sweeteners,and the longperiod in which levels of acceptable daily intakehave been in place, it is suggested their consumption shouldnownot be encouraged, being restricted to population groups that have a risk-based physiological or metabolic need to replace sucrose. Also, for these cases, it would be importanttodifferentiatebetween foods containing different sweeteners (or tabletop sweeteners), to alleviate possible chronic health effects. New studies with more robust and consistent methodologies are required to support the safety assessment reviews of each artificial sweetener.

Brazil – ANVISA publishes a question and answer guide on the recall of non-compliant food products

The purpose of the food recall procedure is to withdraw from the market batches of products that represent a risk or damage to the consumer’s health, immediately after knowledge of this need.
Within the framework of Good Manufacturing Practices, the company responsible for the product and the other companies in the production chain must implement control measures and an adequate methodology to evaluate deviations in order to intervene when necessary, with a view to ensuring food fit for human consumption.
Resolution RDC No. 655, dated March 30, 2022, establishes the criteria and procedures for the collection of food and for communication to Anvisa and consumers. There are two types of planned collection, voluntary collection and determined collection.
Voluntary collection is initiated by the company responsible for the product, providing greater agility for immediate and efficient withdrawal from the consumer market, considering the quality control measures adopted by the company.

Brazil: ANVISA updates rules on labeling of packaged foods

The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA in Portuguese) published Resolution – RDC N° 727/ 2022 on the labeling of packaged foods. This Resolution applies to packaged foods in the absence of consumers, including beverages, ingredients, food additives and technological aids, including those intended exclusively for industrial processing or food services.

This Resolution enters into force on September 1, 2022.

Brazil: Food regulation: consolidation of regulatory acts

Continuing with the process of reviewing and consolidating regulatory acts, 18 Resolutions of the Collegiate Board of Directors (RDC) and four Normative Instructions (IN) related to food regulation. These 22 regulations replace 51 regulations that were repealed. The new laws will come into force on September 1, except for DRC 729/2022, which will begin on October 9.

  • RDC 711/2022: Sanitary requirements for starches, cookies, wholemeal cereals, processed cereals, bran, flours, wholemeal flours, pasta and bread. Result of the revision of the RDC 236/2005.
  • DRC 712/2022: Compositional and labeling requirements for foods containing cereals and pseudocereals for classification and identification as wholegrain and to highlight the presence of wholegrain ingredients. Result of the revision of DRC 493/2021.
  • DRC 713/2022: Health requirements for edible ice cream and edible icy preparations. Result of the revision of DRC 266/2005.
  • RDC 714/2022: Sanitary requirements for food fortification and restoration. Result of the revision of Ordinance SVS/MS 31/1998.
  • RDC 715/2022: Sanitary requirements for low sodium salt, foods for weight control, foods for nutrient-restricted diets and foods for sugar-controlled diets. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of Ordinances SVS/MS54/1995; SVS/MS 29/1998; SVS/MS 30/1998 and RCD 135/2017 and 155/2017.
  • RDC 716/2022: Sanitary requirements for coffee, barley, teas, yerba mate, spices, condiments and sauces and EN 159/2022, establishing the lists of parts of plant species authorized for the preparation of teas and for use as spices, resulting from the revision and consolidation of RDC 267/2005; 276/2005; 277/2005, 219/2006 and arts. 2 and 3 and Annexes I and II of RDC 450/2020.
  • RDC 717/2022: Sanitary requirements for bottled water and ice for human consumption. Result of the revision and consolidation of DRC 274/2005 and 316/2019.
  • CDR 719/2022: Sanitary requirements for mixtures for food processing and ready-to-eat foods. Result of the revision of RDC 273/2005.
  • RDC 720/2022: Sanitary requirements for nutritionally modified foods. Result of the revision of RDC 3/2013.
  • RDC 722/2022: Maximum tolerated limits (MRLs) of contaminants in food, general principles for their establishment and methods of analysis for conformity assessment purposes, as a result of the revision of RDC 487/2021 and IN 160/ 2022, which establishes the maximum tolerated limits (MRLs) of contaminants in food, as a result of the revision and consolidation of IN 88/2021, 115/2021 and 152/2022.
  • RDC 723/2022: Sanitary requirements for sugar, liquid invert sugar, powdered sugar, table sweetener, caramel, bonbon, cocoa powder, soluble cocoa, chocolate, white chocolate, chewing gum, cocoa butter, cocoa mass, molasses, treacle and rapadura. Result of the revision and consolidation of CNNPA Resolution 3/1976 and RDC 264/2005; 265/2005; 271/2005 and 450/2020.
  • RDC 724/2022: Food microbiological standards and their application, as a consequence of the revision of RDC 331/2019 and IN 161/2022, establishing food microbiological standards, resulting from the revision and consolidation of INs 60 /2019; 79/2020 and 110/2021.
  • RDC 725/2022: Flavoring food additives. Result of the revision and consolidation of DRC 2/2007 and IN 15/2017.
  • CDR 726/2022: Health requirements for edible mushrooms, fruit and vegetable products. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of DRC 17/1999; 91/2000; 268/2005; 272/2005 and 85/2016.
  • CDR 727/2022: Labeling of packaged foods. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of DRC 259/2002; 123/2004; 340/2002; 35/2009; 26/2015; 136/2017; 459/2020 and EN 67/2020.
  • CRR 728/2022: Enzymes and enzyme preparations for use as processing aids in the production of food for human consumption. Resulting from the revision and consolidation of RDC 53/2014 and 54/2014.