Honduras – Article: Honduran Food and Nutritional Security Law

The Food and Nutritional Security Law of Honduras is being developed in a complex social and constitutional context. The same Law, in its recitals of creation in 2011, recognizes that food and nutritional insecurity affects a significant percentage of the population. Today in 2021, we have more than 70% of poor people in the country in conditions of no access, enjoyment, enjoyment and consumption of food in the quantity and quality necessary for the achievement of a dignified life and adequate development, which establishes this law in the year of its creation.

Article – Brazil: Incorporation of the NOVA classification into scientific production on food and nutrition in Latin America: a scientometric review

Introduction. In 2009, a food classification was proposed, called NOVA classification. Latin American countries have stood out in their use in nutritional recommendations and regulatory agenda. Objective. To evaluate how scientific production in food and nutrition in Latin America has incorporated the NOVA classification. Materials and methods. The analysis of scientific production was carried out from annals at the Latin American Congress of Nutrition (SLAN) in 2012, 2015 and 2018. The terms used for the search were: NOVA, ultra-processed, processed, processing and food guide, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. After the search, the exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied and the selected abstracts were described according to previously defined analytical variables. Results. A total of 153 were analyzed, 24 of which were published in 2012, 20 in 2015 and 109 in 2018. Most studies were carried out in Brazil (56,2%), followed by Mexico (12,4%) and involved adolescents (28,8%), adults (21,6%) and food (19,6%) as subject or unit of analysis. Most of the works were classified in the area of Public Health Nutrition (88,9%), were observational (82,3%) and used a quantitative method (76,5%). The sale and/or consumption of food (46,4%) and the food environment (24,2%) were the most common objects of study. Conclusion. The scientific production that considers the NOVA classification in Latin America increased in 2018, with Brazil and Mexico leading the development of studies. Studies that explore the relationship of NOVA classification to food price, culinary skills and public policy analysis are research opportunities. Arch Latinoam Nutr 2022; 72(2): 109-124.

Final paper – Brazil: Nutritional labeling in Brazil: history and perspective

The adoption of alternative labeling models to improve the effectiveness of information presented to food consumers has been occurring in Brazil and worldwide due to the increased prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases, in addition to the existence of scientific evidence that the nutritional table is difficult to see, understand and use for most consumers. In this context, the objective of this narrative review is to present the history, motivations, objectives, and perspectives related to changes in nutrition labeling legislation planned for 2022 in Brazil. The sample consisted of 98 references searched in the Scielo, Capes and Google Academic databases, using the descriptors “labelling”, “nutrition labeling”, “front nutrition labeling” and “front labeling”, “Impacts of nutrition labeling”, ” new nutritional table”. The first regulation on the labelling of packaged foods emerged in 1969, but it was only in 1998 that nutritional labeling was regulated in Brazil. Since then, new legislations have been published and improved over the years, culminating in the publication in 2020 of Collegiate Resolution number 429 and Normative Instruction number 75, which bring greater rigor to the standard of the nutritional table and implement the nutritional frontal labeling in loupe format. After the implementation of these legislations, positive impacts are expected in the reformulation of products, in the understanding of the labeling and composition of foods by the population, consequent healthier food choices and improvement in the population’s epidemiological profile in the long term.

Article – Mexico: Analysis of public policy in the regulation of genomics and transgenic products in Mexico

In this work, as a start, a review of the definitions of genomics, transgenics, and public policies is presented; the difference of each one is presented, an analysis is created in public policies on genomics and transgenics; The problem of its regulation in Mexico is described, and some ethical controversies that arise from the possible applications in Mexico and that come out of the legal regulatory norms in Mexico are discussed.
It talks about the general problems in creating laws with respect to genomics and transgenic issues, to later explain why society it is difficult to identify and understand these terms; The lag in this type of technology in Mexico is described, indicating the possible changes necessary in the regulations and some essential points that are mentioned in the norms that allow its regulation and sanction the possible damage due to the use of transgenic and genomic products.

Article – Mexico: Understanding of front of package nutrition labels: Guideline daily amount and warning labels in Mexicans with non-communicable diseases

One strategy for the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is the implementation of the front-of-pack labeling (FoPL) in foods and beverages. In 2020, Mexico adopted the warning label system (WL) as a new public health policy, whose aim is to help consumers make healthier food choices. Previously, the Guideline Daily Amount (GDA) was the labelling used it. This paper aims to compare the understanding of two FoPL, the GDA and the WL, through the identification of unhealthy products in Mexicans with NCDs. We analyzed data from 14,880 Mexican adults older than 20 years old with NCDs (overweight-obesity (OW/O), self-reported diabetes mellitus 2 (DM2), or/and hypertension (HT), or/and dyslipidemia (Dys)). Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the GDA labeling or WL. Each group had to respond to a survey and had to classify food products images as healthy or unhealthy according to the labelling system to which they were assigned. The correct classification was determined according to the criteria of Chile’s labeling nutrient profile stage 3. To evaluate the correct classification in each one of the groups we evaluated the differences in proportions. Logistic regression models were used to assess the likelihood to correctly classify the product according to participants’ number of diseases and WL information, taking GDA label as a reference. Participants who used the information contained in the GDA label misclassified food product labels in greater proportion (70%), mostly participants with three or more NCDs (participants with OW/O+ HT+ Dys, represent 42.3% of this group); compared with those who used WL (50%). The odds of correct classification of food products using WL image were two times greater compared to GDA image in participants with NCDs; being greater in participants with three or more NCDs. The study results highlight the usefulness of WL as it helps Mexicans with NCDs to classify unhealthy food products more adequately compared with GDA.