These are decentralized or non-decentralized public agencies, attached to a policy-making body (Ministry), with legal personality and administrative, functional, technical, economic and financial autonomy.
They collaborate in the protection of human health, ensuring that drugs, food and medical devices available to citizens have efficacy (that they fulfill their therapeutic, nutritional or diagnostic objective), safety (high benefit/risk ratio) and quality (that they meet the needs and expectations of the population). In the particular case of food and its labeling, its function is to carry out inspection, surveillance and control activities.
Within their respective areas of competence, the authorities exercise the following functions:
Supervise: Includes the power to verify compliance with legal, contractual or technical obligations by the supervised entities or activities, as well as the power to verify compliance with any mandate or resolution issued by the Regulatory Agency or any other obligation of the supervised entity or activity.
Self-management: Includes the power to set the rates for the services under its scope.
Regulation: This includes the exclusive power to issue, within the scope and in matters within their respective competencies, regulations, general rules and mandates or other specific rules related to the interests, obligations or rights of the supervised entities or activities or their users.
Control and sanction: Includes the power to impose sanctions within its scope of competence for non-compliance with obligations derived from legal or technical standards, as well as the obligations contracted by the concessionaires in the respective concession contracts.
Mediation: It includes the power to conciliate conflicting interests between entities or companies under its jurisdiction and their users or to resolve conflicts arising between them, recognizing or rejecting the rights invoked.
Attention to citizens: Attention to user requests regarding the services they regulate.